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What is the Constitutional Court?

The Constitutional Court acts as the guardian of your fundamental rights. It is a special court that monitors compliance with these fundamental rights.

It also monitors compliance with the division of powers between the various governments in our country. The Constitutional Court can therefore nullify federal and state laws for being contrary to the Constitution. Natural or legal persons can also go to the Constitutional Court if a legal provision causes them direct and personal harm.

In addition, all courts may put a so-called preliminary question to the Constitutional Court. They do so if they are of the opinion or doubt whether certain rules on the division of powers or fundamental rights have been violated.

Be sure to ask your lawyer for advice if you want to invoke this procedure or are faced with a preliminary question.