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What is the Court of Cassation?

The Court of Cassation is the highest court in the country. It rules on the legality of judicial decisions.

Court of Cassation is not a third instance. The Court of Cassation does not rule on the facts or the merits of a case. It does check whether the main formal requirements have been met and whether there were no procedural errors. It also examines whether the law has been correctly applied and interpreted.

If a party does not agree with a civil or criminal decision at last instance for any of the above reasons, it can go to the Court of Cassation.

If the Court of Cassation upholds the decision because everything went according to the rules, the proceedings end. If the Court of Cassation quashes the decision, the proceedings are re-run at another court or court of appeal.